Future of Lighting – Past, Present and Future

The creation of usable artificial light can be considered one of man kind’s greatest achievements because it allowed us to be productive well beyond the time the sun went down. We were no longer bound by the constraints the sun placed upon us. Now we could explore the deepest, darkest recesses of the earth with the ability to see what’s around us. Artificial lighting is an ever evolving technology, so let’s take a look at what brought us here today, and where lighting is going in the future!

Before we talk about the future, let’s look to the past for a little insight into what caused lighting to evolve into what it is today. The creation of artificial light dates back thousands of years when our early ancestors used fire to illuminate the dark world around them. This achievement allowed them to become more productive simply because they were no longer limited by the amount of time between sunrise and sunset. Both industrial revolutions happened in large part because workers could take shifts that went late into the night allowing us, as a whole, to manufacture more. Gas lighting made this possible merely because it permitted factories to illuminate large areas allowing workers to see much better.

The introduction of a reliable incandescent light bulb in 1879 by Thomas Edison took the lighting industry into a new era. Contrary to popular belief, Mr. Edison didn’t invent the incandescent light bulb, but rather improved on the design and developed a system that would replace gas lamps but still utilize the already present gas piping to carry the electricity to the light bulb. He developed the infrastructure that produced and carried electricity to the light bulb, and not much has changed in this process over 100 years later. What has changed is the way in which light is produced and the concern for its overall efficiency.

Today there are 4 main types of light bulbs. They are incandescent, fluorescent, HID(high intensity discharge) and LED(light emitting diode). All of these lamps were developed not because the incandescent light bulb couldn’t put out enough light, but because it couldn’t produce light efficiently enough. An incandescent light bulb gives of nearly 90% of the energy it consumers in the form of heat and only 10% in the form of usable light. The standard measure of light output called a “lumen”, is the measure of energy within the range of frequencies we perceive as light. A standard incandescent light bulb produces 13 to 18 lumens per watt. In comparison, a fluorescent produces 60 to 70 lumens per watt and a Low Pressure Sodium (HID) produces up to 200 lumens per watt but with a very poor light quality. LED’s on the other hand can produce over 200 lumens per watt of high quality, usable light with the current technology. The energy efficiency of each lamp is important, but the lifespan of lamp is also a key factor in its success. Incandescent light bulbs have a lifespan of 750 to 1000 hours. Fluorescents are rated between 6,000 and 15,000 hours, HIDs are around 24,000 hours and some LED’s are claimed to last over 100,000 hours.

Having said all of this, where will lighting go in the foreseeable future? If I were asked this questions, my answer would be towards solid state semi-conductors, or LED’s. Current energy legislation is phasing out incandescent light bulbs, which is ultimately forcing the market towards the other three types. Each type of light bulb has applications that it excels at, but LED’s have begun or have already surpassed incandescents, fluorescents and HIDs in performance for average consumer applications. Once the price of LEDs goes down due to advances in technology they will certainly own the market.

Great light output, long lifespan and lower energy cost aren’t the only things in the future for LEDs. We are in a world where everything we have around us is becoming “Smart”. Our cars, phones and even our microwaves are being manufactured with the ability to connect wirelessly to other devices and can be controlled anywhere around the world. Soon it will be common for someone to get on their phone and turn on all the lights in their house before they get there. Your lights will soon become integrated into your home security system to turn on all the lights in the house whenever a burglar sets off the alarm. We are already seeing this trend come to life. Right now there are products in the market that control the lights in your house much like a programmable thermostat in order to save on energy costs. Simply put, this is the direction lighting is headed in the future.

PDF Presentation – How To Create It?

Adobe developed portable document format to help make sure that the documents created and sent by you can be viewed exactly in the same by a receiver. The intention was to help receivers view a PDF document as it is when received from a sender. It is important that the receivers are able to view the content exactly the way the creator had prepared it because even minor details can create problems.

It can be very frustrating when you see a created a file not displaying the content the way it had been created. This is quite common when receivers open a document, size, font and other elements go haywire. To make sure that your documents are secure and safe from a third party, you can convert word to PDF to aptly present content in your presentation. However, the question is how you can create PDF presentation? Read the article further to learn more on that.

There are some of the methods available to take a presentation that has been pre-written and produced in portable document format version. This should be your concern that the process is taken only as a last step. It is better to determine in advance if the system and software you are using are capable enough to create a PDF version.

The Apple Macintosh can be given consideration. When a Mac with OS X is in use, you could create PDF versions of almost anything that could be sent to a printer. The Mac OS has in-built support for PDF documents and files. Once you select Print from the File menu in a Macintosh environment, you would be able to see a button that has support for a variety of PostScript related tasks and activities. Now, you may save the document as PDF instead of printing it in actuality. For all purposes, the software is actually printing into a PDF rather than a laser printer.

There are various applications or programs that have in-built support to create files in PDF. However, Microsoft Office 2003 version does not have the capability. StarOffice version 7 and the ones introduced later offer PDF export function from the File menu.

If using a Microsoft operating system and the software in use does not support direct export of PDF documents, other options are available. 123File Convert offers extended capabilities like automatic conversion of all the sets of files from word to PDF and vice-versa.

How To Present Your Awesome Company

You need to work on client projects. You have a business to run. You have urgent issues to deal with. How can you find time to present your company to clients and prospects?

“I don’t have time to present my company.” I understand. I’ve heard this from many consultants, coaches and professional service providers. You’ve got better things to do. You can’t spend time building your presentation skills-and talking about your business.

Think again. The truth of the matter is that while you’re not presenting your company to clients and prospects… your competition is.

But, no worries. You don’t have to go back to school, hire an expensive consultant or struggle with researching best practices. Just use these 5 tips to get started presenting your awesome company.

Tip 1. Know Your Why
As in many efforts, you have to have a big, clear ‘why.’ Identify why presenting is important to you. Will it help you grow your client base? Expand into new territory? Increase sales? Do more of what you love doing?

Define your reasons. Build a solid foundation so you can move on to the core tips for presenting with impact. But don’t skip this step. Otherwise you’ll move ahead without a clear sense of certainty.

Tip 2. Match Your Audience
Different audiences respond to different presentations. It comes down to having a human-to-human conversation with your clients and prospects. To do this effectively, you have to understand what people want and need.

With summer behind us, now is a good time to think about what your audience is really looking for. Are they hungry to get results in the final quarter of the year? Are they ready to sink their teeth into a project that they were on the fence about?

Think about seasonal variations of interest and energy. Match your message to your audience-and the time of year.

Tip 3. Simplify While They Watch
Last week we provided graphic facilitation for an 80-person, 2-day conference. The attendees were used to seeing PowerPoints. They’d never experienced watching a visual artist capture key ideas in colorful wall charts. They loved it!

If you’re hosting a conference or client event, plan charts, diagrams and posters. Organize your message for visual simplicity. Several tips will guarantee success:

• Draw a sketch at the whiteboard. This is engaging and extremely powerful-especially if clients are used to slide presentations.

• Work with a visual expert to plan your sketch. You’d be surprised how little you need to draw to be effective.

• Practice drawing in advance. Gain confidence so that you can do it while your audience watches.

Tip 4. Solve Real World Problems
The fastest way to ‘spell things out’ is to collaborate and solve problems. Work with your clients to solve their real-world issues. Pick one that is very important to them and show how what your company offers will make the difference.

Yes, this is challenging. However, it is extremely memorable and ultimately convincing. When you take on a real problem and succeed, you’ll win their trust. Isn’t that more than worth the effort?

Tip 5. Leverage
Funny enough, many professionals and business owners forget this tip. Really it’s a question of hours in the day. The main goal here is expand the positive impact of what you’re doing.

If you’ve solved a problem for one client…who else wants to know about it? Other prospects. Other clients. People you know across different industries.

If you’ve presented your visual message and won rave reviews, who else is interested? Other clients. Other prospects. Other people you know in your network.

The fastest way to ignite the Leverage tip is to ask this question: “Who else wants to know about this?”

You’ve got an awesome company. Now use these 5 tips to kick things up a notch and attract more people to work with you.