Delhi – A City With a Glorious Past and a Magnificent Present

Delhi is a city that bridges the past and the present. The old city that was once the capital of Islamic rulers, still presents a picture of those days with its narrow lanes, with collapsing old havelis and age old Mosques. The new city is also known as “Lutyen’s Delhi”, with respect to its architecture, tree lined government avenues and buildings, modern malls gardens and parks.

However the modern city itself dates back to over a century ago when the British shifted their capital to Delhi from Calcutta The city’s importance lies not just in its age old glory but also present day’s rich cultural diversity.The capital is known for its fascinating ancient monuments, museums and art galleries, fabulous eating places and busy and economical markets which gets the eye of overseas tourists.

Delhi has been the political hub of the country since time immemorial. The city was the capital of Pandavas and was known as “Indraprastha” at that time.In the present scenario, all the political activities of the country have their roots in this city. The capital houses the residents of many political dignitaries and also the embassies of various nations.

The mughal era monuments of Jama Masjid, Red Fort, Humayun’s tomb, Purana Quila are the major tourist attraction of the old city. Besides this India Gate, Rashtrapati Bhawan, Parliament House, North and South Block are marvelous examples of British architecture. Various Museums, temples, parks and gardens provide an insight into day to day lives of the residents.

The Lakshmi Narayan Temple built by the Birlas, Lotus Temple which is in the shape of a blossoming lotus and Akshardham temple are some of the architectural marvels that have defied the conventional architectural standards. The Akshardham Temple is the world’s largest Hindu temple complex.

These temples not only hold religious significance but also attract a lot of tourists to Delhi. Iskon (International Society for Krishna Consciousness) Temple has a vegetarian restaurant, library, animatronics center and an upcoming museum which attracts overseas tourists.

Delhi also has memorials of freedom fighters and National leaders. Amar Jawan Jyoti was built in the memory of soldiers who lost their lives during World War I. Raj Ghat, Shanti Van and Shakti Sthal are the memorials of Mahatma Gandhi, Pandit Nehru and Indira Gandhi.

The city buzzes with tourist activities round the year. Delhi offers vast accommodation options from luxury five star and business hotels to budget hotels and Guest houses. Staying in budget hotels is an inexpensive accommodation option for economy travelers who do not want to burn a hole in their pocket.

The budget hotels provide standard, deluxe and family accommodations. The rooms are aesthetically done with the best amenities at the most pocket friendly prices to suit the needs of mid range travelers.

Valentine’s Day Present

With the special holiday around the corner what will you be getting for a valentines day present.

Its so easy to buy your special loved one a box of candy and a card but does that really mean anything? Giving or getting the same old thing every year is okay but a little thought could go a long ways.

The only valentines present any of us really need is the love of that someone special.

Love is a very special thing that really cant be described in words but rather is displayed by actions. It really is easy to tell someone that you love them but it is another story to really mean it.

Two people together for many years in most cases do understand true love. By the time they have been together for many years they have been through everything together.

They have had good and bad times, they have watched kids grow up, they have traveled and now they get to share the rest of their lives together.

Some people stay together out of routine but true lovers never get bogged down in routine but rather keep their lives young and never stop loving.

In today’s society it is way too easy to walk away from a relationship when things get a little tough. So many people forget about the vows they take on their wedding day and they think everyday will be part of the honeymoon phase.

Unfortunately no one ever teaches them that the honeymoon phase does come to a screeching halt and real life kicks in. The time comes when there are bills to be paid, babies cry, jobs go into over time and hundreds of other things that can add stress to a perfect marriage.

That’s why a perfect Valentines day present is showing your love more than ever. Making sure two people who love each other stand beside each other no matter how bad things get.

There is no stronger bond then the bond two people who are truly in love can share.

A few keys are always telling each other they love each other. Another key is never going to bed mad no matter if you end up getting no sleep at all.

Just remember there are very few reasons to let or allow a marriage to end. Everything we do these days are hard work but none is more rewarding than the reward of love during a beautiful life together.

So this year instead of buying the chocolates tell your lover how much they mean and I bet that will be the best Valentines present ever.

Future of Lighting – Past, Present and Future

The creation of usable artificial light can be considered one of man kind’s greatest achievements because it allowed us to be productive well beyond the time the sun went down. We were no longer bound by the constraints the sun placed upon us. Now we could explore the deepest, darkest recesses of the earth with the ability to see what’s around us. Artificial lighting is an ever evolving technology, so let’s take a look at what brought us here today, and where lighting is going in the future!

Before we talk about the future, let’s look to the past for a little insight into what caused lighting to evolve into what it is today. The creation of artificial light dates back thousands of years when our early ancestors used fire to illuminate the dark world around them. This achievement allowed them to become more productive simply because they were no longer limited by the amount of time between sunrise and sunset. Both industrial revolutions happened in large part because workers could take shifts that went late into the night allowing us, as a whole, to manufacture more. Gas lighting made this possible merely because it permitted factories to illuminate large areas allowing workers to see much better.

The introduction of a reliable incandescent light bulb in 1879 by Thomas Edison took the lighting industry into a new era. Contrary to popular belief, Mr. Edison didn’t invent the incandescent light bulb, but rather improved on the design and developed a system that would replace gas lamps but still utilize the already present gas piping to carry the electricity to the light bulb. He developed the infrastructure that produced and carried electricity to the light bulb, and not much has changed in this process over 100 years later. What has changed is the way in which light is produced and the concern for its overall efficiency.

Today there are 4 main types of light bulbs. They are incandescent, fluorescent, HID(high intensity discharge) and LED(light emitting diode). All of these lamps were developed not because the incandescent light bulb couldn’t put out enough light, but because it couldn’t produce light efficiently enough. An incandescent light bulb gives of nearly 90% of the energy it consumers in the form of heat and only 10% in the form of usable light. The standard measure of light output called a “lumen”, is the measure of energy within the range of frequencies we perceive as light. A standard incandescent light bulb produces 13 to 18 lumens per watt. In comparison, a fluorescent produces 60 to 70 lumens per watt and a Low Pressure Sodium (HID) produces up to 200 lumens per watt but with a very poor light quality. LED’s on the other hand can produce over 200 lumens per watt of high quality, usable light with the current technology. The energy efficiency of each lamp is important, but the lifespan of lamp is also a key factor in its success. Incandescent light bulbs have a lifespan of 750 to 1000 hours. Fluorescents are rated between 6,000 and 15,000 hours, HIDs are around 24,000 hours and some LED’s are claimed to last over 100,000 hours.

Having said all of this, where will lighting go in the foreseeable future? If I were asked this questions, my answer would be towards solid state semi-conductors, or LED’s. Current energy legislation is phasing out incandescent light bulbs, which is ultimately forcing the market towards the other three types. Each type of light bulb has applications that it excels at, but LED’s have begun or have already surpassed incandescents, fluorescents and HIDs in performance for average consumer applications. Once the price of LEDs goes down due to advances in technology they will certainly own the market.

Great light output, long lifespan and lower energy cost aren’t the only things in the future for LEDs. We are in a world where everything we have around us is becoming “Smart”. Our cars, phones and even our microwaves are being manufactured with the ability to connect wirelessly to other devices and can be controlled anywhere around the world. Soon it will be common for someone to get on their phone and turn on all the lights in their house before they get there. Your lights will soon become integrated into your home security system to turn on all the lights in the house whenever a burglar sets off the alarm. We are already seeing this trend come to life. Right now there are products in the market that control the lights in your house much like a programmable thermostat in order to save on energy costs. Simply put, this is the direction lighting is headed in the future.